By Goran Hyden, Rwekaza Mukandala
In distinction to the majority of the literature on overseas reduction, which bargains with it as an tool of overseas coverage or makes a speciality of difficulties of implementation, this booklet examines the position of the help organisations themselves, from a recipient's point of view, and gives longitudinal in addition to comparative research. The central reduction businesses of China, Sweden and the U.S. started their operations in Tanzania concurrently within the early Nineteen Sixties yet from very diversified ideological premises. still, all of them fell into operational traps that experience restricted the effectiveness in their contributions to Tanzanian improvement. The editors draw classes approximately how overseas reduction, whether it is going to proceed, has to be reformed on the corporation level.
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Extra info for Agencies in Foreign Aid: Comparing China, Sweden and the United States in Tanzania
The USA also had its share of fights with the Tanzania Government, 'once when we believed it to be involved in a plot against us, and again when two of its officials misbehaved and were asked to leave Tanzania' (Nyerere 1966:230). Apart from these tussles Tanzania was generally in a state of cold confrontation with Western powers led by the USA and Great Britain over the Congo Crisis, Vietnam, and the liberation of South Africa and the Portuguese colonies. Nyerere described Tanzania's relationship with the USA as one of 'uncooperative coldness' (1981:73).
30 Studying Foreign Aid Organizations Cassen, Robert et al. (1986) Does Aid Work? Oxford: Oxford University Press. Echeverri-Gent, John (1992) 'Between Autonomy and Capture: Embedding Government Agencies in Their Societal Environment', Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 3, pp. 342-64. Elgstrom, Ole (1992) Foreign Aid Negotiations. Aldershot, England: Avebury. Forss, Kim (1985) Planning and Evaluation in Aid Organizations. Stockholm: lIB, EFI, Stockholm School of Economics. Giddens, Anthony (1984) The Constitution of Society.
Money and the wealth it presents is the result, and not the basis, of development. The four prerequisites of development are (i) people, (ii) land (iii) good policies, (iv) good leadership' (Nyerere 1967). Socialism and self-reliance was the way to go. The government added a few years later that 'reliance on foreign assistance has already been demonstrated to be a myth' (United Republic of Tanzania, or URT, 1981). These strong statements led initially to a notable loss of aid to the country. However, the amounts of aid flowing into the country picked up, especially during the period of intense radicalism in the late 1960s and 1970s, to a point where Tanzania soon became one of the leading recipients of aid in the world.