By Kathleen Kuiper
Domestic to a few of the main notable feats of engineering in addition to awe-inspiring usual vistas, old Egypt used to be a land of significant promise fulfilled. Its pyramids, writing structures, and artwork all predate the Islamic conquest and are symbols of the civilizations energy. This quantity invitations readers to delight in the splendors of historical Egyptian tradition and notice the traditions that experience fired imaginations around the globe for generations. an in depth appendix profiles vital websites all through Egypt, lots of which nonetheless include remnants and artifacts that ably illustrate the import of this impressive civilization.
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Extra info for Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations)
In this period, imports of lapis lazuli provide evidence that trade networks extended as far afield as Afghanistan. The material culture of Naqādah II included increasing numbers of prestige objects. The characteristic mortuary pottery is made of buff desert clay, principally from around Qinā, and is decorated in red with pictures of uncertain meaning showing boats, animals, and scenes with human figures. Stone vases, many made of hard stones that come from remote areas of the Eastern Desert, are common and of remarkable quality, and cosmetic palettes display elaborate designs, with outlines in the form of animals, birds, or fish.
Aha’s tomb at Abydos is altogether more grandiose than previously built tombs, while the first of a series of massive tombs at S·aqqārah, next to Memphis, supports the tradition that the city was founded then as a new capital. This shift from Abydos is the culmination of 36 | Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest intensified settlement in the crucial area between the Nile River valley and the delta, but Memphis did not yet overcome the traditional pull of its predecessor. The large tombs at S·aqqārah appear to belong to high officials, while the kings were buried at Abydos in tombs whose walled complexes have long since disappeared.
The judgment included recommendations for preserving the written record of the trial—possibly the main reason why many of these documents are extant. Although masculine primogeniture dominated in some periods of Egyptian history, there are records of property being divided equally among the children, male and female. Even with masculine primogeniture, the other children and the surviving spouse usually received a share of the estate. The usual law of succession could be circumvented by a special enregistered document: a parent, for example, could favour a daughter by guaranteeing her rights over the family property.