By Evelyn A. Schlatter
During the final 3rd of the 20 th century, white supremacists moved, either actually and within the collective mind's eye, from dead night rides via Mississippi to broadband-wired cabins in Montana. yet whereas rural Montana can be at the geographical edge of the rustic, white supremacist teams weren't driven there, and they're faraway from "fringe parts" of society, as many americans want to think. Evelyn Schlatter's startling research describes what number of the hot white supremacist teams within the West have co-opted the region's mythology and setting according to longstanding ideals approximately American personality and happen future to form an natural, home-grown movement.
Dissatisfied with the urbanized, culturally revolutionary coasts, disenfranchised through affirmative motion and immigration, white supremacists have stumbled on new desire within the previous perfect of the West as a land of chance ready to be settled by way of self-reliant conventional households. a few even envision the area as a possible white native land. teams reminiscent of Aryan countries, The Order, and Posse Comitatus use arguable matters equivalent to affirmative motion, anti-Semitism, immigration, and faith to create sympathy for his or her extremist perspectives between mainstream whites—while providing a "solution" within the well known notion of the West as a spot of freedom, chance, and get away from sleek society. Aryan Cowboys exposes the exclusionist message of this "American" excellent, whereas documenting its harmful appeal.
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Additional resources for Aryan Cowboys: White Supremacists and the Search for a New Frontier, 1970-2000
Until the early twentieth century, the primary organizers and members of right-wing extremist groups and networks have been white Protestant men. The Ku Klux Klan formed a women’s auxiliary during its 1920s incarnation, and some white women are active in Klan, neo-Nazi, and constitutionalist groups today, but their numbers are much lower than those of their male counterparts. Often, they join because of their associative relationships with male members. 38 The Ku Klux Klan and Vigilantism The Ku Klux Klan (or KKK) ﬁrst appeared in American history immediately after the Civil War.
26 Some of the groups I examine, like the Republic of Texas, are not overtly racist. Nonetheless, they are antigovernment and at least one chapter has resorted to violence in response to outside stimuli. Consequently, I will use “extreme” in reference to them as well. I have deﬁned extreme rightist ideology as a belief system that incorporates organized and/or violent reaction (which may or may not involve vigilantism) to an individual or group of individuals whose race, ethnicity, or religious, social, or political beliefs and practices differ from the perceived status quo in the place and time where rightist agitation occurs.
Marauding and violent gangs of nineteenth-century Klansmen conjure images of their contemporary western vigilante groups. Indeed, Klansmen operated as vigilantes in that they were citizens who banded together to combat a perceived threat to their social well-being. ” 48 Throughout American history, Stock argues, vigilantes did pursue criminals, but they also “brought to justice” people whose beliefs and behaviors did not match those of the vigilantes. In the colonial era, vigilantes targeted people whose poverty or perceived laziness threatened the productivity of more established families.