By Dharam P. Abrol
The international is dealing with nutrients concern because the growing to be human inhabitants is posing a possibility to typical assets and quick coming near near famine. within the subsequent 50 years, the worldwide inhabitants is anticipated to arrive nine billion doubling the nutrients, feed and crop call for. Concomitantly, this case has additional irritated due to pollinator decline around the globe leading to pollination challenge. those difficulties were additional aided and abetted through an absence of prophylactic growth within the conservation of biodiversity and elevated agricultural construction. between pollinators, honeybees are declining at alarming fee. the ecu honeybee Apis mellifera is a well-studied insect. nonetheless the Asiatic honeybee Apis cerana which has supplied mankind with necessary items, conservation of traditional assets and pollination of agricultural vegetation is comparatively little understood. This e-book discusses details on diverse features of Apis cerana biology, biogeography, copy, genetics, molecular phylogeny, interplay with different spoecies, floral assets, dance language, security from insecticides, administration difficulties, lack of genetic variety, behavioural defence, position in nutrition creation, livelihood protection and conservation options for safeguarding biodiversity and adorning crop productivity. The compilation of this ebook is exclusive within the feel that during the context of pollinator decline over the realm, conservation of this species might be a step for maintaining nutrition defense. The publication can be beneficial to beekeepers, pollination biologists, scholars, lecturers, scientists of agriculture, animal behaviour, botany, conservation, biology, ecology, entomology, environmental biology, forestry, genetics, plant breeding, horticulture, toxicology, zoology, seed growers and seed agencies.
The writer is a widely known bee scientist, honoured with a number of nationwide and foreign awards. He has released over 2 hundred unique learn papers, authored 10 books and visited Switzerland, Poland, South Korea,Malaysia and several nations as exact invitee.
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Extra resources for Asiatic Honeybee Apis cerana: Biodiversity Conservation and Agricultural Production
That information clearly shows that A. cerana, like Apis mellifera, exhibits a great deal of plasticity in its biology and ecology across its geographical range. Thus, the biology and ecology attributed to A. cerana at one location in Asia does not mean that those attributes will apply to A. cerana at other locations. Honeybees have settled almost all over the planet. They live both in regions with cold climates and long severe winters and in the tropics where winters never occur and the summer temperatures are usually higher.
Andreniformis Smith, A. koschevnikovi, A. cerana, and A. dorsata (these authors did not consider A. nigrocincta specifically distinct from A. cerana at that time). A. 4 Honeybee Species 5 diversity (Hadisoesilo et al. 1995; Hadisoesilo and Otis 1996, 1998; Engel 1999; Smith et al. 2000, 2003; Fig. 1). , Engel and Schultz 1997; Engel 1998, 1999, 2006; Leelamanit et al. 2004; Arias and Sheppard 2005; Raffiudin and Crozier 2007; Lo et al. 2010). These studies agree that the lineage of dwarf honeybees, A.
C. heimifeng A. c. indica—South India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines A. c. japonica—Japan A. c. javana A. c. johni A. c. nuluensis A. c. skorikovi (= “himalaya”)—Central and east Himalayan mountains (Ruttner 1987) running. Native to Asia between Afghanistan and Japan, and from Russia and China in the north to southern Indonesia. Recently introduced to Papua New Guinea. A. cerana builds a nest consisting of a series of parallel combs, similar to A. mellifera, and builds its nest within a cavity.