By Harold H. Saunders
Many of the deep-rooted human conflicts that grab our recognition this day should not prepared for formal mediation and negotiation. humans don't negotiate approximately id, worry, historical criticism, and injustice. Sustained discussion offers an area the place electorate open air executive can swap their conflictual relationships. Governments can negotiate binding agreements and implement and enforce them, yet in simple terms voters can swap human relationships. Governments have lengthy had their instruments of international relations - mediation, negotiation, strength, and allocation of assets. Harold H. Saunders' A Public Peace procedure offers voters outdoor govt with their very own software for reworking clash. Saunders outlines a scientific strategy for voters to take advantage of in lowering racial, ethnic, and different deep-rooted tensions of their nations, groups, and organizations.
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Additional resources for A Public Peace Process: Sustained Dialogue to Transform Racial and Ethnic Conflicts
And an ultimate realization that neither party to the conflict can achieve what it needs through violence; (4) a de-escalation of violence begins and leads to efforts to end violence by agreement and to resolve the conflict on a broad and lasting basis; and (5) as parties to a conflict look toward agreement on fundamental issues, they begin working on building or rebuilding the society torn apart by the conflict. This framework for analyzing the dynamics of a conflict enlarges the traditional field of conflict resolution by adding this fifth period of rebuilding the connective tissue that enables citizens to work together when necessary across the natural lines of difference, dealing with those differences peacefully.
Second is a broad "strategic, or operational, framework," within which parties decide how, in large terms, they will tackle a conflicthow they will connect with a conflict given their resources. Third is a "tactical framework," within which parties choose a specific approach to some element of the conflict-targets and points of intervention, a method, a purpose and a plan for how the work could contribute to an overall movement toward peace. Following is a skeletal outline of the peace process.
The analysis of the relationships underlying the conflict will have identified key actors in the conflict. As attention turns to ending the conflict, it is important ·to recognize the contribution of potential actors in a peace process. They may work in five arenas from across the whole body politic and among interested outside parties. In these arenas: (1) governments and international organizations pursue an official process of conflict resolution, often using forms of mediation and negotiation or economic or military pressures supplemented by official acts to generate public support; (2) groups outside government sometimes work in such close collaboration with government that they are really pursuing a quasi-official process (an example is the Oslo dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians that led to an agreement between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993); (3) citizens outside government engage in what I call a public peace process that is unconstrained by official positions and may address both officials and the larger civil society; (4) citizens working in a wide array of associations in the civil society pursue actions designed to reconnect elements of the civil society that have been alienated and fragmented by the The Peace Process 27 conflict so as to restore the connective tissue necessary to bridge the normal divisions and reestablish a functioning society; and (5) actors from outside the immediate area ofconflict reflect interests and capacity for intervention in a larger national, regional or international context.