Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey by Mirela Bogdani

By Mirela Bogdani

While will Albania sign up for the european? Will accession support Albania to accomplish prosperity, balance and prosperity? What components are supporting it in the direction of this finish and what components are maintaining it again? An unique research of Albania and its relatives with the ecu, this is often the 1st e-book to spot and examine the issues of the rustic because it strikes in the direction of club of the Union. It explores the political, financial and social ameliorations had to make Albanian club attainable. The authors spotlight the large democratic alterations that experience happened in post-communist Albania in addition to the various hindrances that also stay. This balanced and aim overview can be a necessary source for everybody drawn to the heritage and way forward for the Balkans and the ecu.

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This is not surprising given that many of the political elites, such as the Socialist leader Fatos Nano and the ‘reformist’ Democratic Party leader Sali Berisha and their followers, were themselves products of the communist regime and had been party members. This is not to say that the picture is entirely bleak and without redeeming features. It can even be argued that Albania, compared to some other states, has had some advantages on its road to democratization and integration. There is, for example, the fact that it has been a state (for 80 years), unlike other countries (such as Slovakia) or the former entities of the Russian and Yugoslav Federations which, after 1990, had to create new Albania in 1990: At the Crossroads between Communism and Democracy 31 states as a result of the disintegration of their federations.

The LoA refers to the assimilation of norms by domestic actors, because it is the right thing to do (and therefore appropriate). The LoC refers to the assimilation of norms by these actors, because they are aware that failure to do so will have adverse consequences for them, that is, there is no true assimilation. Combining this distinction with the concepts formulated by Börzel and Risse, we can see the importance of the nature of the domestic political actors and the domestic political culture for facilitating or hindering processes of 20 Albania and the European Union Europeanization.

Even some achievements of communism had unfortunate social consequences: illiteracy was eradicated, but literacy and education became tools to brainwash the masses; a wide network of professional and vocational schools was created, but education was strongly centralized and ideologically driven; the communist regime succeeded in the electrification of the whole country, but this became a means to broadcast communist propaganda; the economy was 28 Albania and the European Union industrialized, but this process was a way of creating the ‘new socialist man’, indoctrinated with the communist mentality.

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