By Kirsten Heimann, Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
This ebook info 3 major themes: the screening and characterization of hydrocarbons from air, soil and water; applied sciences within the biodegradation of hydrocarbons; and the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals, in addition to fresh advancements within the remediation of hydrocarbons and their environmental merits. the 1st part specializes in screening equipment, qualitative and quantitative research of hydrocarbons from soil, air and water environments, speciation of hydrocarbons, and traditional bioremediation ideas in such environments. the second one part examines applied sciences for removal hydrocarbon contaminants from a variety of environments, specially complicated applied sciences for the elimination of hydrocarbons and in-situ and ex-situ remediation techniques and difficulties, in addition to concrete case reviews. The final part, protecting the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals, highlights the biochemicals and bioproducts built from hydrocarbons, with a specific specialise in biochemical and chemical applied sciences used to supply biopolymers, biofuel precursors and commodity chemical compounds from hydrocarbons.
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Extra info for Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons
This is not unexpected because on a flood tide MHW86 is down-current of reﬁnery effluents on up-estuary sediment transport paths (McLaren and Little 1987). The Pembroke River SPM sample (PR87), in addition to the high boiling-point UCM maximising at n-C29/30 shows relatively high concentrations of resolved peaks > n-C27. The high boiling-point UCM is also a pronounced feature of the GC trace of the settled sediment at this location (PR142), maximising at n-C33. However, high boiling-point UCM is very common in MHW, and so its sources within the SPM are not necessarily restricted to local sediment resuspension.
Ballasts, anti-fouling paints and munitions). Numerous wrecks are present, such as the ‘Dakotian’ lying in Dale Roads anchorage whose cargo included metal ingots, and the Sunderland flying boat near Neyland. All the above hydrocarbon sources, as well as site-speciﬁc sources have been previously identiﬁed as potential causes of sediment contamination in MHW (Little 2009). Background concentrations of PAH are ubiquitous in MHW sediments. I. Little and Y. Galperin shale/coal, and early diagenesis processes, and these pre-date modern anthropogenic activities.
426 km2 at limestone and coal quarrying sites. 0 km2 E. Cleddau and Carew/Cresswell. The Assessment of Hydrocarbon Contamination in Contrasting … 27 For the above reasons, a study of MHW sedimentology was conducted for MHWESG in 2012 using Sediment Proﬁle Imagery (SPI) and plan views of the sediment (Germano and Associates 2013; Carey et al. 2014). SPI showed that sand-over-mud appeared in 30 stations out of 550 in total, and had not been observed during core sampling in 1982. The area affected was in mixed sediments in the centre of the dredging and/or construction activities spanning several years until 2011.