By William G. Jordan
In the course of international battle I, the publishers of America's crusading black newspapers confronted a tricky limitation. wouldn't it be greater to increase the pursuits of African americans by means of asserting their patriotism and delivering help of President Wilson's battle for democracy in Europe, or may still they call for that the govt take concrete steps to forestall the lynching, segregation, and disfranchisement of blacks at domestic as a in their participation within the struggle? This research in their efforts to solve that predicament deals very important insights into the character of black protest, race family members, and the position of the clicking in a republican process. William Jordan exhibits that sooner than, in the course of, and after the warfare, the black press engaged in a fragile and unsafe dance with the government and white America--at instances making calls for or keeping company, occasionally pledging loyalty, sometimes giving in. yet even though others have argued that the black press compromised an excessive amount of, Jordan demonstrates that, given the conditions, its strategic mixture of protest and lodging was once remarkably potent. whereas resisting power threats of censorship, the black press regularly labored at instructing the United States concerning the want for racial justice.
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Additional info for Black Newspapers and America's War for Democracy, 1914-1920
In addition, she began printing a series of forthright exposés challenging the most common justiﬁcation for lynching—that it protected white women from rape. A few weeks later, after ﬁve black men had been lynched for allegedly raping white women, she wrote: ‘‘Nobody in this section believes the old threadbare lie that Negro men assault white women. ’’ Fortuitously in Philadelphia at the time,Wells escaped harm when a mob organized by leading white citizens ransacked her oﬃce in response to the editorial.
Indeed, the former resembled a strategy of protest, whereas the latter smacked of accommodation. On the one hand, black journalists persistently pointed out the ﬂaws in American democracy. On the other hand, they portrayed blacks as unconditionally loyal to a ﬂawed nation. Black journalists were not alone in struggling to reconcile these two contradictory motives during World War I. Nationalism was a driving force behind the conﬂagration that engulfed Europe from to . Contests among nations for colonial possessions and national power contributed to tensions among the nations of Europe, and Balkan nationalism generated the sparks that started the war.
But as he became more dependent on Washington for ﬁnancial support, his editorials grew less biting. Washington secretly became one of the chief stockholders of the New York Age. 53 The Washington Colored American, the Boston Colored Citizen, the Colored American Magazine, and Alexander’s Magazine also received ‘‘sustained cash contributions’’ from Tuskegee, while Knox’s Indianapolis Freeman received an occasional loan. Washington also distributed Republican Party patronage to the black press, exerted signiﬁcant control over two black press associations, and placed his own advertisements in black journals.