Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters (The John Harvard by George Fitzhugh, C. Vann Woodward

By George Fitzhugh, C. Vann Woodward

Cannibals All! bought extra cognizance in William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator than the other e-book within the historical past of that abolitionist magazine. And Lincoln is related to were extra angered by way of George Fitzhugh than via the other pro-slavery author, but he unconsciously paraphrased Cannibals All! in his condo Divided speech. Fitzhugh was once provocative as a result of his stinging assault on unfastened society, laissez-faire economic system, and salary slavery, in addition to their philosophical underpinnings. He used socialist doctrine to protect slavery and drew upon an identical facts Marx utilized in his indictment of capitalism. Socialism, he held, was once merely "the new trendy identify for slavery," notwithstanding slavery was once way more humane and accountable, "the most sensible and most typical type of socialism." His top-rated testimony used to be supplied by means of the abolitionists themselves. He combed the diatribes in their neighbors, the reformers, transcendentalists, and utopians, opposed to the social evils of the North. "Why all this," he requested, "except that unfastened society is a failure?" the difficulty started, in line with Fitzhugh, with John Locke, "a presumptuous charlatan," and with the heresies of the Enlightenment. within the nice Lockean consensus that makes up American inspiration from Benjamin Franklin to Franklin Roosevelt, Fitzhugh hence sticks out as a lone dissenter who makes the traditional polarities among Jefferson and Hamilton, or Hoover and Roosevelt, look insignificant. Beside him Taylor, Randolph, and Calhoun combination inconspicuously into the yank consensus, all being apostles of John Locke in a point. An highbrow culture that suffers from uniformity--even whether it is virtuous, liberal conformity--could stand somewhat distinction, and George Fitzhugh can provide extra of it than the other American philosopher.

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Extra resources for Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters (The John Harvard Library)

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The world will only fall back on domestic slavery when all other social forms have failed and been exhausted. That hour may not be far off. Mr. H[olmes] will not see this work before its publication, and would dissent from many of its details, from the unrestricted latitude of its positions, and from its want of precise definition. The time has not yet arrived, in my opinion, for such precision, nor will it arrive until the present philosophy is seen to be untenable, and we begin to look about us for a loftier and more enlightened substitute.

But our present business is to call attention to LABOR, SKILL, AND CAPITAL 23 some valuable discoveries in the te"a firma of social science, which these socialists have made in their vain voyages in search of an ever receding and illusory Utopia. Like the alchemists, although they have signally failed in the objects of their pursuits, they have incidentally hit upon truths, unregarded and unprized by themselves, which will be valuable in the hands of more practical and less sanguine men. It is remarkable, that the political economists, who generallyassume labor to be the most just and correct measure of value, should not have discovered that the profits of capital represent no labor at all.

Pp. 12-13. GEORGE FITZHUGH, SUI GENERIS xxxiii specifications and theories of philosophers and utopian dreamers. " 58 There came a point, however, where Fitzhugh departed from the Aristotelian way. While man was social, he was not rational. He was, in fact, fundamentally irrational, guided not by reason but by instinct, custom, habit, and requiring tradition and religion and stable institutions to keep him in line. Fitzhugh held and often expressed a profound skepticism of all atomistic and rationalistic theories of human nature and a strong aversion to rationalistic philosophers.

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