By G. Savage (auth.)
Carbon fibre bolstered carbon composites shape a truly really expert workforce of fabrics. they are regarded as a improvement of the family members of carbon fibre strengthened polymer composites that are turning into ever extra popular in glossy engineering. because the early Nineteen Sixties plenty of so-called 'advanced fabrics' have seemed at the scene. Carbon~arbon is arguably the main winning of these kinds of items discovering many and sundry purposes. within the box of formulation 1 motor racing for instance, the current degrees of functionality easily couldn't be completed with out using carbon-carbon brakes and clutches. regardless of the fabrics' visible resources, they've got no longer, and won't, achieve their complete capability until eventually their inherent difficulties of over the top construction charges and oxidation resistance were addressed adequately. during this recognize the 'carbon-carbon story', of a lot strength yet simply restricted luck, serves as a lesson to all these interested in fabrics examine, improvement and alertness. In scripting this publication i've got attempted to establish a logical development of what the fabrics are, how they're made, what their resources and deficiencies are, what they're used for and to what volume they're commercially exploited. every one really good bankruptcy should be thought of in isolation or as a part of a series, while the ultimate bankruptcy presents a precis of the relevant strategies in addition to a easy assessment of the industrial state of affairs prior, current and, optimistically, future.
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Additional resources for Carbon-Carbon Composites
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1977) Proc. AIAAlSAE 13th Propulsion Cont, Paper no. 77-882, Orlando. 43. , Geigle, K. H. and Huttner, W. (1978) Proc. 5th London Int. Carbon and Graphite Cont, Vol. 1, p. 493. 44. Girard, H. (1978) Proc. 5th London Int. Carbon and Graphite Cont, Vol. 1 (Soc. Chern. Ind. London), p. 483. 45. Thomas, C. R. and Walker, E. J. (1978). Proc. 5th London Int. , Vol. 1 (Soc. Chern. Ind. London), p. 520. 1 INTRODUCTION The measured strengths of materials are several orders of magnitude less than those calculated theoretically.
C'C . . C'c.... H "/ CH-C N \ "! -c. . N. . C. . C C 'C . . 'C ....... 'C ...... I ----.. I I . . C'C . . C'C ....... C'C .... C........ C.... C, Fig. 4 Simplified chemical representation of the conversion of PAN to carbon fibres . proc~ss Spool Melt spin Thermoset Thermoset Epoxy sizing Carbonize Carbonize Surface treatment Graphitize Graphitize Fig. S The processing sequence for PAN and rnesophase pitch-based precursor carbon fibres shows the similarity of the two processes. The PAN process obtains highly oriented carbon chains by hot stretching of the polymer chains prior to carbonization, while the high degree of orientation in pitch is a natural consequence of the rnesophase (liquid crystal).