By Jr.; R.M. Brown, Jr.; R.M. Brown; I.M. Saxena
Cellulose: Molecular and Structural Biology is an up to date treatise at the so much complex and provocative learn into the biosynthesis, constitution, and functions of nature s so much ample macromolecule and renewable source, cellulose.
Molecular, biochemical, and evolutionary facets of cellulose biosynthesis are reviewed in quite a few dwelling organisms, together with cyanobacteria, eubacteria, (Acetobacter, Salmonella, and E. coli), vascular crops (including Arabidopsis, wooded area bushes, and maize), and tunicates.
Phylogenetic research, molecular genetics, and the possibility of metabolic engineering also are presented.
Novel structural methods contain the macromolecular constitution of the synthesizing devices, the terminal complexes in addition to the cellulose product in its many varieties also are incorporated. Novel purposes utilizing cellulose contain clever fabrics, carbonised cellulose, and biomedical applications.
First hand info from the top researchers distinguishes this paintings from different books on cellulose.
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Extra info for Cellulose. Molecular and Cellular Biology
Divergence in both TC organization and CesA domain structure among organisms in which both have been characterized (Figure 2-2) is consistent with the hypothesis that CesA genes determine TC organization and thus microfibril dimensions. However, these organisms, which include seed plants (Delmer 1999), a green alga (Hotchkiss et al. 1989; Roberts et al. 2002), a slime mold (Grimson et al. 1996; Blanton et al. 2000), and ascidians (Kimura and Itoh 1996, 2004; Matthysse et al. 2004; Nakashima et al.
And Penny D. 2002. Evolutionary anaylsis of Arabidopsis, cyanobacterial, and chloroplast genomes reveals plastid phylogeny and thousands of cyanobacterial genes in the nucleus. PNAS 99(19):12246–12251. C. 2004. A functional cellulose synthase from ascidian epidermis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101(4):986–991. R. 2005. The effect of cellulose overproduction on binding and biofilm formation on roots by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 18(9):1002–1010. R. 1995a. Mechanism of cellulose synthesis in Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
1992; Peng et al. 2001; Kiedaisch et al. 2003) suggest that the particles that compose linear and rosette TCs are held together in different ways. One of these inhibitors (AE F150944) is effective in organisms with rosettes, but not linear TCs (Kiedaisch et al. 2003), whereas another (dichlorobenzonitrile) disrupts the linear TCs of Vaucheria hamata (Mizuta and Brown, Jr. 1992). Much remains unknown about the evolution of CesA genes, including the identity of the prokaryotic ancestor(s) of eukaryotic CesAs, the relationship between CesA evolution and TC morphological variation, and the diversification and functional specialization of CesA genes within the angiosperm lineage.