By Gervasio S. Carvalho, Michael D. Webb
South the US strategies a amazing variety of insect species. while most folks are conversant in its butterflies few recognize that there's a workforce of both vibrant and engaging bugs. those are more often than not known as both Spittle insects, a result of watery excreta produced by means of the younger or Frog-hoppers, the latter bearing on their nice skill to leap. In South the USA, also they are identified for the intense harm they reason to pasture grasses and sugar-cane. This ebook presents the 1st complete and wonderfully illustrated advisor to this kin of jewel-like bugs. approximately each species is incorporated in extraordinary color including line drawings to help identity. attractive photographs also are given of the bugs within the wild. This e-book is geared toward museum curators, researchers, agronomists and novice hobbyist and it was hoping that it'll stimulate additional paintings in this interesting and richly vibrant workforce of bugs. The textual content encompasses a whole record of species with accomplished synonomies and chapters on class, replica and biology. Gervasio Silva Carvalho is Professor within the Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul - Porto Alegre, Brazil. He has released nearly 27 papers on morphology, systematics, ecology, and biogeography of bugs. His curiosity in Neotropical Auchenorrhyncha (particularly Cercopidae) begun along with his Masters measure (1979-1981) and persevered together with his PhD thesis acquired in 1992 below Professor Albino Morimasa Sakakibara. Mick Webb is Curator of Hemiptera on the typical historical past Museum, London. On becoming a member of the museum in 1966 he labored below Dr. invoice Knight from whom he built his curiosity in Auchenorrhyncha. The museums wealthy collections from during the global has enabled Mick to put up generally on tropical cicadellids (his major curiosity) whereas his touch with scientists from in the course of the global, either on the BM and through reputable visits in another country, has led to many profitable collaborative initiatives.
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Extra info for Cercopid Spittle Bugs of the New World: Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cercopidae (Pensoft Series Faunistica)
Ssp. turenensis Guagliumi, 1955: 166; Metcalf, 1961: 165-166. Holotype †, paratypes 152†, 91‡, ‘Venezuela’ (‘MEFAM’), not examined Aracamunia Fennah Aracamunia Fennah, 1968: 180. Type species: Tomaspis dimorpha Distant, by original designation. dimorpha (Distant, 1909: 203) (Tomaspis); Metcalf, 1961: 167 (Delassor). Syntypes 1†, 1‡, Bolivia (BMNH). Figs 253, 606. Baetkia Schmidt Baetkia Schmidt, 1920: 67,73,75; Metcalf, 1961: 66; Carvalho, 1993: 167. Type species: Cercopis compressa Le Peletier & Serville, by original designation.
Syntypes 184†, 244‡, Venezuela (BMNH). Figs 228, 382. ssp. sordida Fennah, 1949b: 721; Metcalf, 1961: 165. Syntypes 1†, 1‡, Venezuela (BMNH). Fig. 383. ssp. tomentosa Fennah, 1949b: 710, Figs 5C; Metcalf, 1961: 165. Syntypes 5†, 3‡, Venezuela (BMNH). Fig. 384. ssp. turenensis Guagliumi, 1955: 166; Metcalf, 1961: 165-166. Holotype †, paratypes 152†, 91‡, ‘Venezuela’ (‘MEFAM’), not examined Aracamunia Fennah Aracamunia Fennah, 1968: 180. Type species: Tomaspis dimorpha Distant, by original designation.
G. ‘Type: collection de M. Williams et la mienne’ (Lallemand, 1924b: 481) and ‘Type: ma collection, 3 E’ (Lallemand, 1938a: 137). The existence of some paratypes of species indicated as ‘Type: my collection’ strengthens the view that in these and other cases ‘Type’ could be plural. Where there is ambiguity in a publication we regard specimen(s) referred to as ‘Type my collection’ as syntype(s). For three Lallemand taxa, there are specimens (here regarded as syntypes) in the BMNH (from Lallemand’s collection) which bear labels reading ‘Ex-Typus (Sphenorhina nigrotaenia) and ‘Ex-Typis’ (Kanaima fluvialis and K.