By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Committee on Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics
This e-book identifies possibilities, priorities, and demanding situations for the sector of condensed-matter and fabrics physics. It highlights interesting fresh medical and technological advancements and their societal influence and identifies striking questions for destiny study. themes diversity from the technology of contemporary expertise to new fabrics and buildings, novel quantum phenomena, nonequilibrium physics, tender condensed subject, and new experimental and computational tools.
The e-book additionally addresses structural demanding situations for the sphere, together with nurturing its highbrow power, retaining a fit mix of huge and small examine amenities, enhancing the field's integration with different disciplines, and constructing new methods for scientists in academia, executive laboratories, and to interact. will probably be of curiosity to scientists, educators, scholars, and policymakers.
Read or Download Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics: Basic Research for Tomorrow's Technology PDF
Best solid-state physics books
With contributions through a variety of specialists
Assuming an simple wisdom of quantum and statistical physics, this ebook presents a finished consultant to primary actual houses of condensed topic, in addition to the underlying idea valuable for a formal figuring out in their origins. the subject material covers the relevant beneficial properties of condensed subject physics, yet with specific accessory at the homes of steel alloys.
Whereas the proper good points and homes of nanosystems inevitably depend upon nanoscopic information, their functionality is living within the macroscopic global. To rationally strengthen and properly are expecting functionality of those structures we needs to take on difficulties the place a number of size and time scales are coupled. instead of forcing a unmarried modeling method of are expecting an occasion it used to be no longer designed for, a brand new paradigm has to be hired: multiscale modeling.
Mechanics and Physics of Porous Solids addresses the mechanics and physics of deformable porous fabrics whose porous area is stuffed through one or numerous fluid combinations interacting with the cast matrix. Coussy makes use of the language of thermodynamics to border the dialogue of this subject and bridge the distance among physicists and engineers, and organises the cloth in one of these method that specific stages are explored, through coupled difficulties of accelerating complexity.
- Statistical Mechanics: A Set of Lectures (Advanced Book Classics)
- Soft Condensed Matter
- Frontiers of Multifunctional Integrated Nanosystems
- Physics at Surfaces
Extra info for Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics: Basic Research for Tomorrow's Technology
Complex fluids occur in bewildering variety. To describe and control the different liquid phases, theorists are developing new concepts of molecular organization. With progressively better understanding of the rules of formation, these fluids can be used to construct new kinds of materials with unusual topologies. Extremely light and strong aerogels, used in insulation for example, have a huge surface area trapped in a relatively small volume. Polysaccharides are a class of materials that form complex fluids that are important to industry.
It turns out to result from the formation of quasiparticles whose effective charge is one-third (or various other rational fractions) of the electron’s charge. These quasiparticles are a collective mode of a quantum fluid. The low-energy excitations of this weird fluid consist of vortices bound to a fraction of an electron charge. These objects have been recently observed by direct measurement of their charge and by tunneling experiments in which an electron added to the system breaks up into three excitations, each with one-third of the electron’s charge.
In the realm of magnetic materials, the loss of cobalt in the 1980s because of political unrest in Zaire prompted an intense research effort to find cobalt-free bulk magnetic materials. This led to major advances in creating magnetic structures from neodymium and iron, which had superior properties and lower cost compared with cobalt alloys for electric motors and similar applications requiring magnets with high permanent magnetization. These new magnets, which are achieved through complex alloys and even more complex processing sequences, are vastly expanding the industrial use of bulk magnetic materials.