Confucianism: A Short Introduction by John Berthrong, Evelyn Berthrong

By John Berthrong, Evelyn Berthrong

Opposed to the backdrop of seventeenth-century China, this distinctive new advent follows a Confucian couple, including their kin, acquaintances, and employees, via a customary day. the end result deals a desirable perception into the highbrow, scholarly, and useful facets of Confucianism.

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Sambhogakaya. It is said that the fruit of Buddhahood must be achieved through a method which has the form of the Buddha. One of the characteristic features of the Yidam deity is the sexual imagery found in Highest yoga tantra (Anuttara tantra). Upon confrontation with father-mother union (Yabyum) aspect of the Buddha, a casual observer may find it difficult and astonishing to understand the fearsome and erotic nature of the images in the context of Vajrayana Buddhism. In Nepal this Tantric knowledge is said to be guarded by Nepalese Vajracharyas and in Tibet, by Tibetan Gurus.

Although the artistic heritage has come a long way through the lives and lifestyle of Nepalese people, the exact meanings and implications as regard to the different images or deities relating to Vajrayana Buddhism has slowly gone out of focus during the passage of time. Even today there are many sculptors, artists and painters who can meticulously carve or paint such images or deities with excellent results, but the incumbent meanings however cannot be found with ease. e purpose of this monograph is to provide some facts, materials and information on Buddhist Iconography gathered through extensive study of canonical texts relating to Vajrayana Buddhism prevailing in Nepal and some from Tibet albeit in a humble way.

It is true that Vajrayana is the vehicle of ‘skill in means’ which utilizes even desire or lust to attain Buddhahood. Vajrayana being the path of transformation utilizes even sexual bliss to realize emptiness or nature of mind. It is said that these practices of Highest Yoga tantra deities involving sexual imagery are appropriate for the most gifted practitioners only. rough such creative visualization process they develop experiences of emptiness of the highest standard, that is, Buddha-nature.

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