By Michael Greenhalgh
A survey of a number of the ways that the large is still of old structure have been reused or destroyed within the crescent from Greece and Turkey via Syria, Palestine, North Africa to Islamic Spain. The publication enhances and echoes the various subject matters within the author's "Marble prior, huge current" (2009). delivering numerous assorted examples, it examines how the traditional panorama used to be reworked - cities, roads and ports, fountains and waterways, tombs, palaces, villas and inscriptions. It then addresses reuse in church buildings, mosques and different constructions, dealing additionally with creditors and museum-builders. additionally thought of are the dismantling and delivery of the usually titanic blocks, and the superstitions surrounding antiquities which contributed to their carrying on with renown or to their destruction.
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Extra info for Constantinople to Cordoba: Dismantling Ancient Architecture in the East, North Africa and Islamic Spain
Introduction 17 described briefly and in passing, if at all. 72 But comprehensive accounts are late, for the Crusades produced little literature that directly bears on our theme. This problem is well known to anyone searching for contemporary accounts of mediaeval, Renaissance or, indeed, antique buildings: detailed descriptions and reactions simply do not exist, so we are thrown upon much later accounts, by people whose aesthetic horizons are perhaps closer to our own, and therefore part-answer the questions we might wish to ask.
Xi It will come as no surprise to the reader that a main theme of this book is change in architectural forms and styles, which are more important than elements of continuity. The process of dismantling and reworking of materials is far from a formulaic process whereby thanks to decay (a phenomenon much wider than just our Crescent),25 plague and earthquakes, human beings dismantle old structures, and build them up anew in the same format. 28 For with the exception of the Christian basilican church (and whatever connections one might be pleased to make with its sources and the development of mosque formats), the very forms of antique architecture are shunned throughout our Crescent, so that temples and theatres become useless entities, except occasionally as prestige items, as at Mérida29 – but not at Murviedro/Saguntum, where the scenae frons was a rope-walk,xii 24 Kazanaki-Lappa 2002 for Athens in the Middle Ages.
51 Slim et al. 2004, 89–226 for a catalogue of 210 seaside sites in Tunisia. 52 Hingley 2005, 72–90 “The Material Elements of Elite Culture” with 77–90 for urban and domestic space. ” 53 Hesberg 2005, 32–62 for Roman building decoration and ornament. ” 55 Abed Ben Khader 2004. cxiii That the town had plenty of antiquities to re-use is seen in the Mosque of Sidi Abu Marwan (c. 1033). g. 4 basilicas at Andriake, two at Sura, a complex at Alakilise, another at Alacahisar, and others at Asarcik West and East – and none more than 12km from the coast.