By Roy Chudley, Roger Greeno
Development expertise covers the elemental parts of substructure (site works, starting up and foundations) and superstructure (flooring and roofs, easy finishes, fittings and fixtures), in addition to easy prone comparable to water, gasoline electrical energy and drainage, and considers low-rise framed commercial and advertisement structures. * a fantastic reference for college kids on development crafts classes, this is often a vital textual content for all scholars new to the topic, whether or not they are on GNVQ, BTEC HNC/D or measure programmes in building or comparable sectors. * thoroughly up to date take into consideration new development legislation standards. contains details on building innovations up to date in accordance with new laws. * New bankruptcy - entry and amenities for the Disabled - contains household and advertisement components. * additional info overlaying the incapacity Discrimination Act 1995 and city and state making plans Act 1990. * perfect creation: assumes no past wisdom of the subject.Covers traditional tools of on-site development. * offers a rational, logical development of topics following the development series. * Represents modern and demonstrated perform. retains key components of ancient perform for upkeep reference. * designated illustrations trap middle info. * comprises updated references to present laws and rules, together with the development (Design and administration) rules 1994 and the development (Health, security and Welfare) rules 1996.
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Additional info for Construction Technology (4th Edition)
Qxd 4/17/07 12:05 PM Page 45 Scaffolding 45 TIMBER The use of timber as a temporary structure in the form of a scaffold is now rarely encountered in the UK, although it is extensively used in the developing world. The timber used is structural-quality softwood in either putlog or independent format. The members are lashed together with wire or rope instead of the coupling fittings used with metal scaffolds. SCAFFOLD BOARDS These are usually boards of softwood timber, complying with the recommendations of BS 2482, used to form the working platform at the required level.
Height to base ratio: n 3:1 maximum indoors. 5:1 maximum outdoors. Maximum height 12 m indoors, 8 m outdoors. Never moved with persons, equipment or materials on the platform or frame. Access ladders fitted within the frame. Castors fitted with a locking device and secured before access is permitted. Stable ground essential. Components visually inspected for damage before assembly. Inspected by a competent person before use and every 7 days if it remains in the same place. Inspected after any substantial alteration or period of exposure to bad weather.
STABILISERS, OUTRIGGERS OR DIAGONAL BRACING An optional attachment that can be adjusted to ensure ground contact where the surface is uneven. They should be attached securely to enable direct transfer of loads without slipping or rotating. ADDITIONAL SAFETY GUIDANCE n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n Constructed by competent persons. Height to base ratio: n 3:1 maximum indoors. 5:1 maximum outdoors. Maximum height 12 m indoors, 8 m outdoors. Never moved with persons, equipment or materials on the platform or frame.