By J. Davidann
This learn explores U.S-Japanese kinfolk within the interwar interval to discover that the seeds of the Pacific battle have been sown within the failure of cultural international relations and the expansion of collectively adversarial photographs. whereas such a lot american citizens got here to work out Japan's modernity as a façade, the japanese started to crew american citizens with the warlike eu powers.
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Extra resources for Cultural Diplomacy in U.S.-Japanese Relations, 1919–1941
Though missionaries who stayed for long periods in Japan might have had a clearer view of Japan, their general commitment to a liberal view and the fact that Japanese friends of the missionaries were liberal and Westernizing skewed their perceptions about the potential for a liberal and democratic future in Japan. They were quite likely to underestimate the power and influence of the militarists in Japan. Japanese Feudal Militarism Journalists and others who had less direct experience in Japan were less likely to perceive Japan becoming modern.
Ozaki was embarrassed by this. He also saw that many American shops were unwilling to sell Japanese made Japanese Response to Orientalism 35 goods anymore. Perceiving that the Japanese were no longer popular in America, Ozaki believed that the Chinese seemed to be more popular. But he did not blame this on American racism. Instead he stated, But this time I found it was the Japanese who were conceited. By now, in contrast, the Chinese had lost their arrogance. They had shown much more adaptability.
This situation spawned public discussions on both sides as to whether Japan and the United States were going to war. In the United States books such as Must We Fight Japan by Walter Pitkin indicated rising fear of war. Japanese naval officer Captain Mizuno Hironori published Our Next War, a fictional novel about Japan attacking the United States and several other nonfiction articles, one of which concerned the strategic deployment of troops and the protection of resources in case of war. Mizuno lost his job with the navy after publishing an article on the psychology of Japanese soldiers and sailors but he continued to publish on military affairs and became an outspoken critic of Japanese military planning.