By Sarah Ellen Graham
During the 20th century governments got here to more and more enjoy the price of soppy strength to aid them in achieving their overseas coverage goals. protecting the the most important interval among 1936 and 1953, this ebook examines the U.S. government’s adoption of diplomatic courses that have been designed to cajole, tell, and allure worldwide public opinion in help of yank nationwide pursuits. Cultural international relations and foreign info have been deeply arguable to an American public that been bombarded with propaganda throughout the First international battle. This ebook explains how new notions of propaganda as reciprocal trade, cultural engagement, and enlightening info prepared the ground for options in U.S. diplomatic perform. via a comparative research of the kingdom Department’s department of Cultural family, the govt. radio station Voice of the United States, and the multilateral cultural, academic and clinical international relations of Unesco, and drawing commonly on U.S. overseas coverage data, this ebook exhibits how America’s liberal traditions have been reconciled with the duty of influencing and attracting publics out of the country.
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Extra resources for Culture and Propaganda: The Progressive Origins of American Public Diplomacy 1936-1953
This shift was also symbolized by the publication of Sidney Rogerson’s Propaganda in the Next War, which articulated a comprehensive propaganda strategy for Washington in the event that the US became embroiled in outright warfare with the European fascist powers. See Sidney Rogerson, Propaganda in the Next War (London: G. Bles, 1938). ”76 In a move redolent of the public involvement of intellectuals in the CPI’s work, a group of academics including Leonard Doob founded a Committee for National Morale in support of mass communications on behalf of democracy.
29 Committee on Public Information, The Creel Report, p. 1. 30 Mock and Larson, Words that Won the War, p. 331. 31 The Senate’s rejection of the League of Nations treaty had also torpedoed the ultimate goal that the Committee had worked so strenuously to promote. This re-assertion of legislative power simultaneously ensured that the Committee would be quickly abolished. A number of troubling revelations about both the nature of the CPI’s work and the activities of covert British propaganda agents in the United States during the war came to light soon after the Committee’s dissolution.
In a detailed analysis of the testimony, journalist and former CPI staffer Will Irwin demonstrated that most of the reported incidents consisted of either hearsay, unverified individual reports, or outright falsehood. ” In a subsequent piece, he set out to analyze the manipulation of public opinion and its impact on the war, adopting a similarly stirring title. This work concluded by heralding the rise of propaganda as a threatening new force in the conduct of world politics. Published in 1919, this article was titled “The Age of Cull, The Cold War and the United States Information Agency, p.