By Brian W.J. Mahy, Marc H.V. van Regenmortel
This quantity comprises eighty one chapters that relate to veterinary and bacterial virology. the 1st part describes normal gains of farm and different animals of agricultural significance. the subsequent 3 sections aspect different animal viruses, avian viruses, and viruses affecting aquatic species comparable to fish and crustaceans. The part 5 offers with viruses which infect micro organism.
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Additional resources for Desk Encyclopedia Animal and Bacterial Virology
Although links between disease and the uncharacterized rhabdoviruses have not been made, recent studies have provided insights into their genetic composition and have revealed that wide genetic diversity exists among them, beckoning more intensive study of this family of viruses. 9–15 kbp. This RNA molecule contains at least five open reading frames (ORFs) encoding five virion proteins in the order (30 –50 ): nucleoprotein (N); phosphoprotein (P); matrix protein (M); glycoprotein (G); and polymerase (L).
These genes will continue to provide tools for understanding host antiviral pathways and potential leads for discovery of new immunomodulatory drugs. 17 Investigations of the unique replication strategy and evolutionary niche of ASFV will aid our understanding of many aspects of virus host interactions and pathogenesis, as well as mechanisms of virus replication and evolution. See also: Viruses Infecting Euryarchaea. Further Reading Afonso CL, Piccone ME, Zaffuto KM, et al. (2004) African swine fever virus multigene family 360 and 530 genes affect host interferon response.
The incidence of affected progeny varies depending on the strain of virus. In naturally infected cattle, the incidence of AG and HE varies from 25% to 50% but in sheep that have been experimentally infected with different virus strains, the incidence of abnormal lambs can vary from 15% to 80%. Pathogenesis In naturally infected cattle, there is an incubation period of a few days followed by a viremia of 3–6 days duration. This is not usually associated with clinical signs in the adult animal. From about day 12 post infection, virus-neutralizing antibodies begin to be detected in the circulation.