DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY. Risk, Disorder, and by Dante Cicchetti, Donald J. Cohen

By Dante Cicchetti, Donald J. Cohen

Developmental Psychopathology, quantity three, danger, disease, and model presents a existence span developmental standpoint on "high-risk" stipulations and psychological issues. additionally, it examines developmental pathways to resilient model within the face of adversity.

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Yoshikawa’s (1994, p. ” Programs like Childhaven combine quasi-therapeutic full-time day care services with practical parent education, casework support, parent support, family therapy groups, and social agency referrals for troubled families (Durkin, 1986; Miller & Whittaker, 1988). The Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development of the National Academy of Sciences concluded an extensive review of the prevention research by finding: Model early childhood programs that deliver carefully designed interventions with well-defined objectives and that include well-designed evaluations have been shown to influence the developmental trajectories of children whose life course is threatened by socioeconomic disadvantage, family disruption, and diagnosed disabilities.

Do the overwhelming emotional needs of depression and anxiety disorders heighten expectations of support or increase dissatisfaction with perceived support—or both (as studies reviewed earlier seem to suggest)? Or are individuals in turmoil grateful for whatever assistance they can find from their exhausted social networks, as is suggested by Belle’s (1982) evocative study of socioeconomically distressed single mothers? Studying questions such as these is important to understanding the social support needs of at-risk children and adults.

For adults, supportive intimacy can be found with a romantic partner or spouse; in the study by Pelligrini and colleagues, it was the absence of a best friend that predicted risk for affective disorders in middle childhood. Taken together, these findings contribute to the conclusion that it is not number but quality of relationships that shapes perceptions of support and, in turn, the benefits of social support for coping with stress. SOCIAL SUPPORT AND DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY It is clear that social support is associated in complex ways with stress and coping.

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