Dreams of a totalitarian utopia : literary modernism and by Eliot, Eliot Thomas Stearns; Eliot, Thomas Stearns; Lewis,

By Eliot, Eliot Thomas Stearns; Eliot, Thomas Stearns; Lewis, Wyndham; Pound, Ezra; Pound, Ezra; Lewis, Wyndham; Eliot, Thomas Stearns; Surette, Leon

Whereas those authors' political tendencies are popular and masses mentioned, earlier experiences have didn't thoroughly examine the encircling political conditions that knowledgeable the explicit utopian aspirations in each one writer's works. Balancing an intensive wisdom in their works with an figuring out of the political weather of the early 20th century, Leon Surette offers new insights into the motivations and improvement of every writer's respective political postures. desires of a Totalitarian Utopia examines their political remark and their correspondence with one another from 1910s to the Nineteen Fifties. Contextualizing their political idea in a global stricken by means of international wars, the nice melancholy, and the Bolshevik Revolution, Surette lines their shared issues and the divergent responses of every of those figures within the old second to the chance they perceived of democracies turning into the pawns of industrial and commercial elites, resulting in conflict and senseless consumerism. all of them leaned towards autocratic options, although Pound and Lewis finally admitted their errors

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Every theory of the crisis of European Man and of the decline of the idea of European Empire is in some way a symptom of the new vital force of the masses, or as we prefer, of the desire of the multitude. (Empire, 376–7, my emphasis)4 The triumphalist tone of Pound’s 1910 remarks is not maintained in his subsequent prose compositions. 5 As we will see, Pound retained neither his enthusiasm for Futurism, nor his admiration for the ethnically mixed New York crowd. Dreams and Nightmares 25 But both his Pollyanna attitude toward an as yet unrealized future and the notion that European civilization was exhausted and needed to be renewed does stay with him.

Eliot’s cultural commentary derives entirely from such principles – even though he retained a faith in the power of persuasion to administer to the pathology, as opposed to relying on a therapeutic response such as the sexual and somatic therapy preached by D. H. Lawrence. Freud’s psychoanalysis, placing emphasis on early childhood development as the seedbed of mental disease, eventually displaced Charcot’s neurological theories. But Freudianism – although first fully articulated in The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) – was not to prevail until the 1930s.

On the other hand, writing to his Harvard friend Conrad Aiken, in late December 1914, Eliot complained that his fellow residents in the London pension where he was staying were “not very interesting” being “mostly American” (Letters, 74). Like Pound, he soon found his feet in England. After marrying, and deciding not to return to Harvard to take up a teaching fellowship, he told the graduate chair, J. H. Woods (in April 1919), that he was already a “much more important person” in England than he would be “at home” (Letters, 285).

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