Environmentally Sustainable Buildings: Challenges and by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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Extra info for Environmentally Sustainable Buildings: Challenges and Policies

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1999). , 1999). 2 ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS – CHALLENGES AND POLICIES – ISBN 92-64-19825-3 – © OECD 2003 47 4. UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BUILDING SECTOR AND BARRIERS TO IMPROVEMENT Table 5. 0% 1. Total sales of new automobiles. Sources: International Road Federation and the Automobile Manufacturers Federation of Japan. Figure 11. Building Shell Conservation Features in the US (by year) Buildings with roof or ceiling insulation Buildings with wall insulation Buildings with storms or multiple glazing % % 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 1945 1946-1959 1960-1969 1970-1979 1980-1989 1990-1995 Source: US Energy Information Administration, 1998 Various explanations have been given for this “efficiency gap”.

Average total number of options per kinds of components for one unit of automobile and housing Number of kinds of components used in one unit1 (A) Total number of alternatives for all components (B) Average total number of alternatives per kinds of components (B/A) Automobile 1 800 3 700 2 Housing 1 900 19 000 10 1. The number of kinds of components assembled in factories for producing the models that had the largest sales in 1999 (excluding small units for connecting components such as bolts and nuts).

1, those who inve st in building construction tend to significantly discount the future benefit of energy efficiency improvement, and pay much more attention to the minimisation of capital cost. As a result, there is a great gap between the most energy efficient technologies available and those that are actually being used. The main issue of policy design in this area may be how to explore the great energy saving potential of the building sector by narrowing the energy efficiency gap. OECD countries have introduced various policy instruments for this purpose.

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