By Raphael Bossong, Hendrik Hegemann
Ecu states and overseas organisations have demonstrated a number of rules and mechanisms to house quite a few hazards, crises and mess ups. This edited quantity examines the rising multi-level coverage area of ecu civil defense governance, picking out styles and reviewing the possibilities and hindrances for cooperation.
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Additional resources for European Civil Security Governance: Diversity and Cooperation in Crisis and Disaster Management
They argue that once a threat crosses geographic and system borders, capacities to deal with these threats tend to be insufﬁcient at the national level. They stress that national authorities will have to collaborate in order to share information, make critical decisions and communicate in a joint fashion. Studying the example of the 2010 Icelandic ash crisis, they ﬁnd that the EU played a critical role in facilitating the orchestrated and joint revision of national risk perceptions, though it lacked a clear legal basis.
In this case, the question becomes why we still see so many differences when looking at the details of national security architectures and cultures despite the alleged rise of new transnational risks in the ‘world risk society’. Some scholars have pointed in this direction and stressed the persistence of cultural and institutional fragmentation and diversity in European security, notwithstanding broader global transformations towards new conceptions of comprehensive security (Burgess, 2009). Hence, patterns of national similarity or diversity remain an open question to be answered by empirical research and cannot be assumed at the outset.
References Alexander, D. (2002) ‘From Civil Defence to Civil Protection – and Back Again’, Disaster Prevention and Management, 11, 209–213. van Asselt, M. and O. Renn (2011) ‘Risk Governance’, Journal of Risk Research, 14, 431–449. Attinà, F. ) (2012) The Politics and Policies of Relief, Aid and Reconstruction: Contrasting Approaches to Disasters and Emergencies (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan). Attinà, F. (2013) Merging Policies as Strategy against Emergency Threats: The EU’s Institutional Response to Disasters, Risk and Emergencies.