By Nicholas Rescher
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Additional info for Fairness: Theory & Practice of Distributive Justice
The omission of compensation is in order when the allocation at issue relates to the starting-position (the “opening move,” so to speak) of a take-turns process. ) ii. The omission of compensation is in order in extreme situation where, in effect, those who lose out elude the prospect of compensation because they die. ) In the realm of first and last steps, so to speak, questions of compensation do not arise. As noted above, a premature leap ahead to a probabilistic allocation is in fact a departure from the demands of fairness.
Accordingly, the breakdown in allocating that overall cost to the three institutions involved ought to be on a ratio 200:300:400, that is 2/9, 3/9, 4/9, or $100, $150, and $200, respectively. So here a fair cost-allocation process—one general to claims established via the cost of detour-free stand-alone visits—will save each of these institutions half of the travel costs when those lectures are given en tour rather than individually. And the institutions are treated equally— not in the sense that the cost allocated to each is the same, but rather because the principle on whose basis costs are allocated is uniformly the same, namely the comparative cost of a stand-alone visit.
Accordingly, one of the fundamental principles of fairness is rooted in the injunction: Dismiss power! Consider the following situation. Two nephews inherit a field with half good soil and half poor as in no. I of the following series. I II III A good soil A poor soil B B Abstract Fairness and Claim Proportionality 29 A fair division would proceed as per division No. II where each nephew gets an equivalent half-good, half-bad, 50:50 share. However, it so happens that A controls the water supply needed for irrigation and says to B: “If you don’t accept division No.