By Mary Ann Lyons
The interval 1500 to 1610 witnessed a primary transformation within the nature of Franco-Irish kinfolk. In 1500 touch used to be completely according to exchange and small-scale migration. despite the fact that, from the early 1520s to the early 1580s, the dynamics of 'normal' relatives have been considerably altered as unheard of political contacts among eire and France have been cultivated. those ties have been deserted whilst, after many years of unsuccessful ways to the French crown for army and fiscal help for his or her competition to the Tudor régime in eire, Irish dissidents redirected their pleas to the courtroom of Philip II of Spain. alternate and migration, which had endured at a modest point in the course of the 16th century, re-emerged within the early 1600s because the most vital and enduring channels of touch among the France and eire, notwithstanding the dimensions of either had elevated dramatically because the early 16th century. particularly, the unparalleled inflow of numerous thousand Irish migrants into France within the later levels and within the aftermath of the 9 Years' battle in eire (1594-1603) represented a watershed in Franco-Irish kin within the early smooth interval. through 1610 eire and Irish humans have been recognized to a considerably higher component to French society than were the case 100 years sooner than. The intensification of this touch even though, the intricacies of Irish household political, non secular and ideological conflicts persevered to elude nearly all of proficient Frenchmen, together with these on the optimum rank in executive and diplomatic circles. of their minds, eire remained an unique nation. They considered the Irish within the streets in their towns and cities as offensive, slothful, soiled, prolific and uncouth, simply as they have been depicted within the French scholarly tracts learn by means of the French elite. This examine explores some of the dimensions to this crucial bankruptcy within the evolution of Franco-Irish family within the early glossy interval. BR> MARY ANN LYONS is Professor of background at Maynooth college, Republic of eire.
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Extra resources for Franco-Irish Relations, 1500-1610: Politics, Migration and Trade (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)
I When François I ascended to the French throne on New Year’s Day 1515, the politics of the British Isles were the least of his concerns. Rather, his immediate preoccupation was the vindication of the French crown’s rights in Italy. Yet seven years later, the exigencies of continental politics propelled him to engage in intrigue with the tenth earl of Desmond amongst others to undermine the Tudor régime in England. The death of King Ferdinand of Aragon in 1516 and of the Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian I, in 1519 created the prospect of a vast accumulation of territories under the sceptre of one ruler with ancestral claims to Burgundy.
Desmond’s presentation of his proposals is also unique when compared with later episodes of Franco-Irish intrigue. At a time when the Guise faction, which was to be the key target of Irish solicitations for aid in subsequent decades, was as yet unheard of at the French court, it was the French king and French Yorkist sympathisers to whom he addressed his appeals for assistance. Desmond’s strategy was also unusual and particularly farsighted in that he only admitted a handful of Irish lords as parties to the 1523 agreement.
29 FRANCO-IRISH RELATIONS, 1500–1610 François dispatched an envoy to Ireland on three occasions. 6 François I had four French commissioners draw up a formal treaty at Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 4 March 1523, setting out his terms and those of the earl of Desmond. 8 In the event of an English attack on Ireland, the French king pledged to defend his Irish allies. The French were also to acquire the southern ports of Youghal, Kinsale and Cork as guarantees of Desmond’s bona fides. The earl was intent upon harnessing French backing for his own agenda, requiring that François I should support him in punishing those within his patrimony who refused to pay their seigneurial dues.