Friction in Textile Materials (Woodhead Publishing in by B S Gupta

By B S Gupta

The motion of friction in fibers and textiles performs a massive position in product functionality, from the new release of the fiber via to some of the methods a garment responds to put on. Friction in Textiles addresses either the worthwhile and harmful techniques of friction with chapters on fiber constitution, the assets of friction, dimension suggestions, static electrification, cut down proofing and felting, floor amendment remedies, results of friction on artificial and typical fibers and materials, and the function friction performs in cloth processing. It additionally covers the constitution and morphology of fibers and features a old point of view and destiny outlook of those stories.

Show description

Read or Download Friction in Textile Materials (Woodhead Publishing in Textiles) PDF

Best polymers & textiles books

Nanocomposite Science and Technology

The authors provide a close therapy of assorted facets of nanocomposites. They describe quite a few fabrication tools, like a thermal spray method, or mechanical alloying. Plus, unsurprisingly, easy methods to use carbon nanotubes as a foundation for composites. one other huge team of equipment revolves round utilizing polymers.

Plant Cell Wall Polymers. Biogenesis and Biodegradation

Content material: keep watch over of plant mobilephone wall biogenesis : an summary / D. H. Northcote -- Formation and services of xyloglucan and derivatives / David A. Brummell and Gordon A. Maclachlan -- towards a operating version of the turning out to be plant telephone wall : phenolic cross-linking reactions within the fundamental mobile partitions of dicotyledons / Stephen C.

Chemicals and Materials from Renewable Resources

Content material: Chemical and fabrics from renewable assets / Joseph J. Bozell -- Polyhydroxyalkanoates: the reply to sustainable polymer creation / Tillman U. Gerngross -- imaginative and prescient for renewable assets / James S. Mclaren -- Synthesis of đ-aminolevulinic acid / Luc Moens -- Levulinate esters from biomass wastes / Edwin S.

Microspheres and Microcapsules in Biotechnology : Design, Preparation and Applications

Microspheres and microcapsules have very extensive functions in numerous fields, specially in these of biotechnology and biopharmaceuticals, as focusing on drug-delivery companies, separation media for protein, peptide, DNA, etc. it's a immense problem to layout and get ready microspheres and microcapsules of other sizes and buildings from a variety of fabrics and advance new recommendations.

Additional resources for Friction in Textile Materials (Woodhead Publishing in Textiles)

Sample text

Fiber becomes weaker and more extensible with increase in temperature [23]. 5 8 179 194 128 24 (280) (330) (230) (185) Sources: R Meredith [21], S Kumar [22], Manufactured Fiber Fact Book [15], J W S Hearle, High Performance Fibers [18]. MT: medium tenacity. is relevant as during a friction process, heat is generated, which could cause an adverse change in fiber’s mechanical properties. Another factor affecting these properties is the amount of moisture absorbed. The greater the absorption, the greater the disruption of intermolecular bonds and, therefore, the greater is the effect on mechanical properties.

An angle less than 90° means that the fluid will spread, whereas a value equal to or greater than 90° indicates that the fluid will bead up and not spread. The Wilhelmy technique, in which the force of advancing a solid into a fluid or receding it out of the fluid is measured (Fig. 12), is a useful tool for characterizing the contact angle as it yields the values of both the advancing and the receding angles. 8. The lower the value the more rapidly wettable the surface. Fibers such as polypropylene and polyethylene do not wet with aqueous fluids but do so easily with oils for which they have lower value of θ.

Measuring the surface energy of the solid and determining its composition in terms of the polar and the dispersion fractions allows one to understand whether a surface is hydrophilic or hydrophobic and is compatible with polar or non-polar fluids. 8 for a number of fibers. Clearly, the fibers such as cotton and rayon are hydrophilic and should have high attraction for polar liquids, whereas the fibers such as olefin and polyester are predominantly hydrophobic and should have greater compatibility with the non-polar liquids.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 4 votes