Fundamental Problems of Mesoscopic Physics: Interactions and by Igor V. Lerner, Boris L. Altshuler, Yuval Gefen

By Igor V. Lerner, Boris L. Altshuler, Yuval Gefen

Mesoscopic physics bargains with results at submicron and nanoscales the place the traditional knowledge of macroscopic averaging is not any longer appropriate. a large choice of recent units have lately advanced, all super promising for significant novel instructions in know-how, together with carbon nanotubes, ballistic quantum dots, hybrid mesoscopic junctions made up of diversified form of common, superconducting and ferromagnetic fabrics. This, in flip, calls for a profound figuring out of primary actual phenomena on mesoscopic scales. hence, the vanguard of primary study in condensed subject has been moved to the parts the place the interaction among electron-electron interactions and quantum interference of phase-coherent electrons scattered through impurities and/or limitations is the most important to such figuring out. An knowing of decoherence in addition to different results of the interactions is essential for constructing destiny digital, photonic and spintronic units, together with the aspect base for quantum computation.

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Extra resources for Fundamental Problems of Mesoscopic Physics: Interactions and Decoherence (NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry)

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Ekert, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 452, 567 (1996). [26] J. H. Reina, L. Quiroga and N. F. Johnson, Phys. , A 65, 032326 (2002). [27] The left-right and forward-backward symmetric case is defined by θL = θR = θ, γL tL = γR tR = γJ tJ and χ→ = χ← = χ, γ→ t→ = γ← t← = γC tC . [28] D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn, Quantum Optics, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg (1994). [29] The general expression for the spectrum exhibits a divergence also in the limit (γJ , θ) → (0, kπ/2) due to the increasingly longer correlation time of the current fluctuations (see section 3).

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