By Russell Crandall
During this balanced and thought-provoking research, Russell Crandall examines the yank determination to intrude militarily in 3 key episodes in American overseas coverage: the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama. Drawing upon formerly labeled intelligence resources and interviews with policymakers, Crandall analyzes the advanced deliberations and factors at the back of each one intervention and indicates how the choice to intrude used to be pushed by way of a perceived probability to American nationwide safeguard. by way of bringing jointly 3 vital situations, Gunboat Democracy makes it attainable to interpret and evaluate those examples and research the political platforms left within the wake of intervention. fairly salient in modern day overseas coverage enviornment, this paintings holds very important classes for questions of regime switch and democracy by means of strength.
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Additional info for Gunboat Democracy: U.S. Interventions in the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama
Tbe reprisal threats among other indications point to increasing extremist domination of the movement.... Some of the military leaders [rebel leaders] now appear to realize. " As the events of the days following Reid's removal indicate, President johnson was constantly peppered-with reports about the Communist threat implicit in a Bosch return. This is what led him to decide to move beyond the much less controversial evacuation of American nationals and to intervene politically and militarily in the Dominican civil war in order to prevent the Communist scenario from unfolding.
While not very controversial at the time he gave the speech, over the next several weeks a number of analysts and members of Congress began to question the justifications that Johnson used in this talk. The main criticism was that he exaggerated the Communist takeover threat to justify what had turned into a full-scale intervention. For example, journalist Tad Szulc started to openly question the true extent of Communist involvement in the revolt, as what he was witnessing on the ground in Santo Domingo did not fully square with the administration's portrayal of events.
The Johnson administration assumed the Kennedy-era policy of preventing a Communist takeover its priority in the Dominican Republic. And for over a year, while certainly no showcase for democracy, the Dominican Republic remained relatively stable under the junta headed by Reid Cabral. s. involvement in a civil war in Vietnam was coming to dominate the White House's time and efforts. ominicans considered the Cabral junta to be legitimate or effective. v Cabral's tenure as president of the junta was a dismal failure.