By Klaus D. Sattler
In depth learn on fullerenes, nanoparticles, and quantum dots within the Nineteen Nineties resulted in curiosity in nanotubes and nanowires in next years. guide of Nanophysics: Nanotubes and Nanowires specializes in the basic physics and most recent functions of those vital nanoscale fabrics and constructions. each one peer-reviewed bankruptcy features a broad-based creation and complements knowing of the cutting-edge medical content material via primary equations and illustrations, a few in colour. This quantity first covers key points of carbon nanotubes, together with quantum and electron delivery, isotope engineering, and fluid stream, sooner than exploring inorganic nanotubes, equivalent to spinel oxide nanotubes, magnetic nanotubes, and self-assembled peptide nanostructures. It then specializes in germanium, gallium nitride, gold, polymer, and natural nanowires and their houses. The booklet additionally discusses nanowire arrays, nanorods, atomic wires, monatomic chains, ultrathin gold nanowires, and a number of other nanorings, together with superconducting, ferromagnetic, and quantum dot nanorings. Nanophysics brings jointly a number of disciplines to figure out the structural, digital, optical, and thermal habit of nanomaterials; electric and thermal conductivity; the forces among nanoscale items; and the transition among classical and quantum habit. Facilitating conversation throughout many disciplines, this landmark booklet encourages scientists with disparate pursuits to collaborate on interdisciplinary initiatives and contain the speculation and method of different parts into their paintings.
Read Online or Download Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanotubes and Nanowires PDF
Similar solid-state physics books
Photoemission in Solids II: Case Studies
With contributions through various specialists
Introductory Solid State Physics (Second Edition)
Assuming an straight forward wisdom of quantum and statistical physics, this booklet presents a finished advisor to significant actual homes of condensed topic, in addition to the underlying conception helpful for a formal knowing in their origins. the subject material covers the imperative positive factors of condensed topic physics, yet with specific accessory at the houses of steel alloys.
Multiscale Modeling: From Atoms to Devices
Whereas the proper good points and houses of nanosystems inevitably depend upon nanoscopic info, their functionality is living within the macroscopic global. To rationally increase and appropriately are expecting functionality of those structures we needs to take on difficulties the place a number of size and time scales are coupled. instead of forcing a unmarried modeling method of are expecting an occasion it was once now not designed for, a brand new paradigm has to be hired: multiscale modeling.
Mechanics and Physics of Porous Solids
Mechanics and Physics of Porous Solids addresses the mechanics and physics of deformable porous fabrics whose porous area is stuffed by means of one or numerous fluid combos interacting with the cast matrix. Coussy makes use of the language of thermodynamics to border the dialogue of this subject and bridge the space among physicists and engineers, and organises the cloth in one of these method that specific levels are explored, via coupled difficulties of accelerating complexity.
- Dissipative Ordered Fluids: Theories for Liquid Crystals
- The Thermophysical Properties of Metallic Liquids: Volume 2: Predictive Models
- Electrostatics of Soft and Disordered Matter
- Shock Waves in Condensed Matter 1983
Additional info for Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanotubes and Nanowires
Hence, the fragments from the decomposition of ferrocene are sequent C–H, C, C2 and C3, and fi nally Fe. During the pyrolysis process, the Fe species serves as a catalyst and those hydrocarbons work as carbon sources. By increasing the temperature to 900°C, these hydrocarbon species and C clusters dissolve into the ion nanoparticles, diff use through them and precipitate and thus react with each other, promoting the growth of carbon tubular structures under the confi nement of DWNTs. 8 nm. Moreover, the formation of new nanotubes is strongly dependent on the amount of ferrocene encapsulated inside DWNTs and on the pyrolysis conditions.
Chem. , (10), 1092, 2007a. 22c. The growth of CNTs conforms to the vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) mechanism (Gavillet et al. 2001). Firstly, ferrocene undergoes a decomposition to release a series of hydrocarbons and Fe species at temperatures over 500°C. Theoretical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations revealed that the hydrogen atoms left the ferrocene first due to the weaker C–H bond (492 kJ/mol), and then the cyclopentadienyl ring with higher C–C bond energy (602 kJ/mol) started to break up, followed by the breakage of the C–Fe bonds (1480 kJ/mol) in combination with the remaining C–C bonds (Elihn and Larsson 2004).
2005). 25c is explained by the Coulomb interaction in a system composed of negatively charged carbon ions and positively charged potassium ions. 25 RBM of potassium-doped DWNTs for different doping steps (0, I, II, and III) excited by lasers of (a) 568 nm and (b) 676 nm. (c) G band shift of outer tubes and inner tubes of potassium-doped DWNTs for different doping steps excited with three different lasers. (Reproduced from Rauf, H. , Phys. Rev. B, 74(23), 235419, 2006. ) changed. At a higher doping level, the RBM of the semiconducting inner tubes starts to decrease.