Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 2: Natural, by Stephen Eichhorn, J. W. S. Hearle, M Jaffe, T Kikutani

By Stephen Eichhorn, J. W. S. Hearle, M Jaffe, T Kikutani

Edited through major gurus at the topic and with a group of foreign authors, this authoritative assortment offers a accomplished overview of the constitution of an in depth diversity of cloth fibers. The e-book starts off with an introductory set of chapters on fiber constitution and strategies to represent fibers. It then experiences the constitution of common cellulosic and protein fibers, together with cotton, silk and wool. It additionally covers the constitution of synthetic polymer fibers, for instance polyester, polyamides, elastomeric fibers and high-modulus, high-tenacity polymer fibers. The publication concludes with a dialogue of the constitution of quite a few different fabric fibers similar to glass, carbon and optical fibers.

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Additional info for Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 2: Natural, Regenerated, Inorganic, and Specialist Fibres (Woodhead Publishing in Textiles)

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Such modified cellulose was characterized by solubility in 9–10% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution with yield of 99 wt%. They also observed a decrease of polymerization degree, a decrease of the amorphous content of the samples in spite of an increase in solubility, and a breakdown in the intramolecular hydrogen bonds at the C3 and C6 positions. Studies carried out by Kamide allowed an explanation for the structural changes that occur in cellulose during treatment with superheated water vapour at high pressure.

Viscose fibres now available include fibres of widely different characteristics. g. hollow, shaped and surface-modified filaments, to changes in the fine structure as in the high tenacity rayons and high wet modulus (polynosic) rayons. Viscose fibres are used in the textile industry, An introduction to cellulosic fibres 27 household fabrics and various non-woven fabrics. Textile fabrics may be woven of yarns made of viscose alone or in combination with other fibres such as polyester. Viscose fibre-based non-woven products include feminine hygiene products, absorbent products, baby wipes, computer disk liners, surgical swabs, etc.

The process was based on activation of cellulose with liquid ammonia and electron beam irradiation. According to another patent (Zimmer AG, Germany) the reaction between cellulose and urea is performed in organic solvent as a liquid medium [156]. In the 1990s studies on elaboration of the method for manufacture of CC and spinning fibres were also conducted at the Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres, Poland [157–159]. The scheme of CC production is presented in Fig. 6 [160]. 6 Scheme of CC production [160].

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