Indonesian Foreign Policy and the Dilemma of Dependence: by Franklin B. Weinstein

By Franklin B. Weinstein

How can an underdeveloped nation like Indonesia draw on outdoors assets for its nationwide improvement with no sacrificing its independence? drawing close the matter from the vantage aspect of the Indonesian elite, this significant paintings explores the complicated interactions among household political components and the shaping of overseas coverage. to demonstrate the ways that underdevelopment has affected Indonesia's foreign participation, Professor Weinstein provides a picture photo of what Indonesia's leaders see after they view the surface international, and he systematically seeks out the assets in their perceptions. He exhibits that the majority of the elite see the overseas procedure as ruled by means of exploitative powers that can't be depended on to help Indonesia's improvement. He examines the connection among perceptions and politics below either Sukarno and Soeharto and gives an illuminating comparability of the bases of overseas coverage less than each one chief, revealing dramatic alterations and impressive continuities. His cogent research is helping to provide an explanation for the pointy reversal of coverage in 1966, and his conclusions shape a resounding speculation that may be established in different 3rd global nations. This publication, now introduced again to lifestyles as a member of Equinox Publishing's vintage Indonesia sequence, will allure experts in Southeast Asia, in addition to readers with a broader curiosity within the politics and economics of underdeveloped international locations. FRANKLIN B. WEINSTEIN used to be Director of the venture on United States-Japan kinfolk at Stanford collage, the place he additionally taught within the division of Political technological know-how. A graduate of Yale collage, he acquired his PhD from Cornell collage.

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25. One granted a written interview (in which he wu surprisingly frank ), and the other pennitted his auistant to talk at length with the author. In a 1973 interview with the second elite member, the author was able to con. firm the earlier information provided by the assistant. The Dilemma of Dependence 39 66 questionnaires were then filled out by the author based on the individual's comments on each point, apres:scd in a variety of contexts, and on corroborative data provided by other Indonesians.

Ns. Charles Wolf, Jr. (New York : Greenwood, 19019 ), pp. 2-3, 61, 85, 124-26, 202-6. These observations were made between 1934 and 1938. pectiv~ they had acquired in Holland to students who had remained in Indonesia. a1ly-oriented study clubs were founded in a number of Indonesia's principal cities, and fonner PI members wert among the leaders of the new clubs. 11 Of special note is the enthusiasm with which the ] 928 Generation leaden initially responded to Mantist writings. All eleven had read at least some Marxist materials before reaching the age of twtnty·five.

For example, the prevalence of attitudes emphasizing threats to independence means that certain political uses will be especially exploitable. If the outside world is widely perceived as threatening, political capital can easily be made out of appeals for solidarity in the face of an ambiguous external danger. On the other hand, political needs can affect perceptions, and people may hold particular attitudes because it is in their political interest to do so. In this analysis of the dilemma of dependence only minimal at· tention will be given the idiosyncratic sources of policy.

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