Learning and Behavior (7th Edition) by Paul Chance

By Paul Chance

Studying and behaviour, 7th version, is stimulating and packed with high-interest queries and examples. according to the subject matter that studying is a organic mechanism that aids survival, this e-book embraces a systematic method of habit yet is written in transparent, enticing, and easy-to-understand language. on hand with InfoTrac pupil Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

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Extra info for Learning and Behavior (7th Edition)

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One thing seems clear: Few people sit down one day, consider the options, and choose to be straight, gay, or bisexual. , 2008), and risk-taking (Kuhnen & Chiao, 2009). If this list of traits sounds familiar, it’s because they are characteristics mentioned earlier that have been bred in animals. , 2005). It is easy to see how some behavior traits can contribute to survival, thereby being naturally selected. The rabbit that flees a fox may escape and go on to create more rabbits, whereas the rabbit that stands its ground becomes fox food.

Is important” (p. 26). Similarly, biologists such as E. O. Wilson (1978) who emphasize hereditary factors in behavior are often labeled “biological determinists,” yet they acknowledge that experience plays an important role as well. Nevertheless, for centuries people have lined up on one side or the other of the nature–nurture debate, arguing that one or the other, heredity or learning, is the true determinant of behavior. The trouble with the nature–nurture debate is that it creates an artificial division between the contributions of heredity and learning.

Stimuli often have significance beyond their physical properties (the fragrance of a rose may remind us of a friend), but it is their physical properties that define them. Often in learning research the stimuli are very simple events such as a lightbulb coming on or going off or a buzzer sounding, but this does not mean that the experiences that change behavior are typically simple. A given stimulus is always part of a complex array of stimuli. A light that is illuminated in a small room may have different effects, for example, than the same light in a large room.

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