Physical properties of textile fibres (4th Edition) by John Hearle, W. E. Morton

By John Hearle, W. E. Morton

Co-edited via one of many world’s major specialists within the box and the past due W.E. Morton, this vintage e-book explores key elements of fiber functionality. Cementing its acceptance as a useful reference, this fourth variation has been considerably reorganized and revised to mirror new examine directions.

After introductory chapters on fiber constitution, checking out, and sampling, the booklet experiences key fiber houses, their technical importance, components affecting those houses, and dimension matters and examines fineness, size, density, thermal houses, and response to moisture. The individuals additionally give some thought to tensile homes, thermomechanical responses, and fiber breakage and fatigue.  the realization discusses dielectric homes, electric resistance and static, optical homes, and fiber friction. each one bankruptcy covers either usual and artificial fibers, together with high-performance fibers.

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Additional info for Physical properties of textile fibres (4th Edition) (Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles)

Example text

As an alternative to the method of viewing thin specimens in transmission, it is possible to form an image from electrons reflected from a surface. However, this cannot be done very effectively in a conventional, direct electron microscope, although some interesting studies of surface damage were made in the 1950s. A much better method for examining surface detail is scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The principle of this method is that a fine spot of electrons is traversed across the specimen and some response is used to form an image on what is, essentially, a television screen scanned synchronously with the spot.

As shown by an analogous example at a larger scale, it has a major effect on strength. The strength of a textile yarn depends not only on fibre length but also on the extent to which the fibre is folded back on itself. Drafting is used to remove folds. In highly © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2008 An introduction to fibre structure 31 folded forms, as shown in Fig. 23, molecular extent approximates to fold length. With few folds, fibre length is more important. In addition to the six listed, there are other aspects of fine structure that could be specified and that may be important in some circumstances.

25(b). Water molecules can also be attached by the same sort of bond. The chains have a strong preference to assemble into crystals (Fig. 25(c)). In non-crystalline regions, hydrogen bonds will form within the disordered assembly of chain segments. The cellulose molecule is ribbon-like in form. 25 Essential features of the cellulose molecule: (a) the chain; (b) crosslinking by hydrogen bonds; (c) schematic representation of a crystal. a molecule such as polyethylene, the ribbon does have considerable freedom to bend and twist in the way indicated in Fig.

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