The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times: Volume I: by Richard G. Hovannisian

By Richard G. Hovannisian

Edited via the prime historian of the Republic of Armenia, this is often the definitive heritage of a unprecedented kingdom - from its earliest foundations, during the Crusades, the resistance to Ottoman and Tsarist rule, the cave in of the self sufficient kingdom, its short re-emergence after global struggle I, its subjugation by way of the Bolsheviks, and the institution of the hot Republic in 1991. Written via the key specialists on each one interval in Armenia's background, this ebook is an important contribution to realizing the complexities of Transcaucasia. Armenia is a cradle of civilization positioned on one of many world's such a lot turbulent crossroads. This quantity examines the query of Armenian origins and lines family and diplomacy, society and tradition during the 5 dynastic sessions, spanning approximately thousand years. The problem dealing with the Armenian humans was once to keep up as a lot freedom as attainable lower than the shadow of strong neighbouring empires. The adoption of Christianity had an everlasting impression at the process Armenian historical past and tradition. those have been the heroic, vibrant and cruel feudal centuries of Armenia.

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Additional info for The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times: Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century

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It is the core of the Zoroastrian book of the righteous Viraz, and later echoes of it, transmitted through Islamic Arab literature, probably influenced the thirteenth-century Italian poet Dante, who in his Inferno travels to the underworld and returns safely to earth. In Armenia, as elsewhere in the ancient Near East, there was practiced the cult of a young god who is driven mad by a lustful mother or stepmother. He mutilates himself, dies, and is reborn in the springtime. In Greece, it is the tale of Hippolytus and Phaedra; in Iran, of Siyavush and Sudabeh; in Phrygia, of Cybele and Attis.

C . to reimpose Macedonian rule on all the Armenian lands. The southwestern region known as Sophene (Arme­ nian Cop*k7Dzopk), which by then formed a separate unit, was attacked in 272 by King Antiochos III (Polybius, VIII. 23; vol. Ill, pp. 504/5-506/7), presumably in retaliation for the failure of Sophene to pay the expected tribute. The land was overrun, the local ruler paid a considerable indemnity of 300 talents of silver and 1,000 horses and mules, but then was murdered and Sophene was reintegrated into the Seleucid realm.

Most of these deal with royal building projects and religious dedications. c . This is not unlikely, as alphabetic Aramaic and Phoenician are known in ancient Anatolian inscriptions. Expressions such as “By the will of Haldi” (Haldini ishmasini) in royal inscriptions seem to have been adapted by the Achaemenians to their own purposes in the sixth century, so it is possible to speak of limited Urartean literary influence on an important neighboring culture. The title “great king” was used by the Urarteans before its employment in the Iranian state; and this, too, may indicate the continuation of Urartean political forms in a later age.

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