The Cambridge Ancient History Volume 2, Part 1: The Middle by I. E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, N. G. L. Hammond, E.

By I. E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, N. G. L. Hammond, E. Sollberger

Volumes I and II of The Cambridge historical background have needed to be totally rewritten because of the very substantial additions to wisdom that have gathered long ago forty-five years. for a similar cause it has additionally been essential to bring up the dimensions of the volumes and to divide every one of them into individually released components. the person chapters have already seemed as fascicles, yet with out maps, indexes and chronological tables which, for sensible purposes, were reserved for those volumes. a few additions and corrections have additionally been made with the intention to convey the textual content, so far as attainable, modern. jointly the recent volumes offer a heritage of Egypt and the traditional Orient (including Greece and the Aegean area) right down to a thousand BC in a sort compatible for either expert and pupil. quantity II, half I, offers with the background of the zone from approximately 1800 to 1380 BC. This was once the period of Hammurabi in Western Asia, the Hyksos and warrior-kings of the Eighteenth Dynasty in Egypt, and the Minoan and early Mycenaean civilizations in Crete and mainland Greece.

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Extra resources for The Cambridge Ancient History Volume 2, Part 1: The Middle East and the Aegean Region, c.1800-1380 BC

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V. T H E BENJAMINITES AND OTHER NOMADS, AND THE HABIRU The steppe occupies a great part of the territories now under consideration. The valley of the Euphrates, which separates Syria from Mesopotamia, is but a fertile ribbon unrolling along a desert landscape. Between the land under cultivation and the desert proper, the limits of which are determined by the annual rainfall, stretches a belt of steppe on which the flocks of nomads find enough to support them. To the west of the Euphrates, this belt goes down as far as the region of Palmyra; to the east, it takes in the region traversed by the Balikh and the Khabur.

The origins of his dynasty are obscure. 5 But it was Iakhdunlim who seems to have laid the foundations of Mari's greatness. In a building1 4 §m, 4, 235. G, 7,36; §1, 5, 31. 8 §1, 5, 29. 3 6 G, 6, 30. G , 6 , 33. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 MARI 9 record, which by its flawless material execution and brilliant literary qualities shows how far the sons of the desert had adopted Babylonian culture, Iakhdunlim recalls the triumphant campaign he had waged, as the first of his line, on the Mediterranean coast and in the mountains, from which he had brought back valuable timber, while at the same time forcing the country to pay tribute.

This geographical division holds good only on the political plane, for it is probable that the Hurrian population had already swarmed farther southwards. 2 On the other hand, we have in the Alalakh tablets a more recent source which nevertheless allows us to make an instructive comparison. These tablets divide up into two main groups, the older (level VII) going back to the time of the First Dynasty of Babylon. In the society there described the Hurrians appear to be firmly established. Leaving aside the throne, on which there are Amorites, they occupy high civil and religious offices, while the religious practices bear traces of their presence.

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