The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume 4, The Persian Empire by J. D. Bury, S. A. Cook, F. E. Adcock

By J. D. Bury, S. A. Cook, F. E. Adcock

. no dustjacket, staining to finish papers, 1926, tanning to web page edges,

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But the new evidence raises fresh questions, and leaves various details in uncertainty. We know the names of the Achaemenids in two lines of descent for several generations: we know the title enjoyed by one of these lines, though the significance of ' ' ; ' * ^ The very difficult roads over the south Iranian mountains from BunderAbbas or Bushire to Shiraz and thence to Isfahan and Teheran are the chief line of communication of the empire from south to north. ANCESTRY OF CYRUS 1,1] has been much disputed; but we are ignorant of the title, if any, borne by members of the other line before Darius.

Between the years of active conquest and between 538 and his death in 529, Cyrus must have had enough and more than enough to occupy his attention in organizing and securing his rapidly increasing empire. In this, as in the actual acquisition of it, he must have been assisted by the readiness of large parts of the in — — HEIR OF THE BABYLONIAN EMPIRE I, iv] 15 populations to receive him, and, also, by his tolerance. Even if religion was one of the vital factors in the rapid rise of Persia, Cyrus, unlike Mohammed and his successors, made no attempt to impose his own religion on his new subjects; on the other hand in his newly-won countries, at least in Babylon, he publicly appears as the devotee and servant of the religion of the country.

It had achieved one thing unity; the farmer of Eleusis, Marathon or Sunium felt himself an Athenian. There was one central government and when its word went out to levy men for war or cattle for sacrifice, it was obeyed. This government was aristocratic and the Attic peasant left high affairs of state to his betters, while he busied himself in farming or learning to plant olives. Athenians went down As yet there was little overseas trade. to the sea in ships, for the paths of the sea and many scholars see in the naucraries evidence for a navy on a small scale, while Attic vases of the Dipylon style often display what may be Athenian galleys guarding against pirates (vol.

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