By Yves Berthelot
This moment quantity from the United countries highbrow background venture surveys the historical past of the UN's neighborhood commissions and the tips they've got constructed over the past forty years. each one essay is dedicated to at least one of the 5 neighborhood commissions -- Europe, Asia and the a ways East, Latin the USA, Africa, and Western Asia -- and the way it has approached its undertaking of assessing the situation of nearby economies and making prognoses approximately destiny stipulations. The essays describe how each one fee has extra neighborhood views to international debates over financial improvement and taken an real nearby voice to the UN.Contributors are Adebayo Adedeji, Yves Berthelot, Leelananda de Silva, Blandine Destremau, Paul Rayment, and Gert Rosenthal.
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Extra resources for Unity and Diversity in Development Ideas: Perspectives from the UN Regional Commissions (United Nations Intellectual History Project)
For SIPRI, “military expenditures” includes all expenditures of the Ministry of Defence and other ministries on recruiting and training military personnel as well as on construction and purchase of military supplies and equipment. Military assistance is included in the expenditures of the donor country. For Human Development Index: United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 2001 (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 141–144. The Human Development Index (HDI) calculated by UNDP is a composite index based on three indicators: longevity, as measured by life expectancy at birth; educational attainment, as measured by a combination of adult literacy (two-thirds weight) and the combined gross primary, secondary, and tertiary enrollment ratio (one-third weight); and standard of living, as measured by GDP per capita (purchasing-power parity in US$).
For a few weeks, the ECE was considered as the possible secretariat for managing what became the Marshall Plan, but this plan did not materialize. Only years later, in the mandates of the ECA and ECWA, was a modest role given to the provision of technical assistance to their member countries. They were invited “to perform such advisory services . . ” In other words, they were invited to find a niche for their technical advisory services that would not infringe on the turf of other agencies rather than take a lead in the assistance to their regions.
There has been considerable progress in raising enrollment rates at all levels of education over the past thirty years, but although the gap between Europe and some of the other regions (Asia and Latin America) has been closed in primary 780c 3,567 13,156f GDP per capita 1958 480 1975 1,570 1999 5,157 19,835 Canada 33,666 United States 2,320 7,080 32,276 Northern America 249 Republic of Moldova 41,188 Luxembourg 1,348 4,394 18,823 ECE Total 182 Tajikistan 34,742 Japan 104d 616 2,240 Asia 732 Kiribati 20,834 Australia 1,270e 5,171 15,218 182 Tajikistan 34,742 Japan 133 691 2,350 Oceania ESCAP Total ESCAP 466 Nicaragua 14,999 Bahamas 330 1,097 4,102 Latin America ECLAC a b 107 Burundi/ Ethiopia 7,116 Seychelles 110 430 729 Africa ECA 387 Yemen 29,159 Qatar 230 1,228 2,303 Western Asia ESCWA b Includes the Caribbean.